Determine your requirements before you start
You are not eligible to apply for a study permit without a valid offer letter from a Canadian learning institution. So, your first task is to apply to a Designated Learning Institution (DLI). You must choose a DLI and check its DLI number if you intend to apply for a post-graduate work permit and permanent residence under Express Entry. To apply for an offer letter, go to my other post How to apply to a Canadian university or a college.
I assume that you have a valid offer letter by now. Let’s take proceed to apply for a Student visa and Study permit. The difference between a visa and a permit is, A visa is your travel/entry permission. On the other hand, a permit is your stay and study permission. If you have a valid student visa without a study permit, you will be considered an illegal resident in Canada. But having a valid study permit without any student visa is not illegal.
Once you are inside Canada, you don’t need a TRV but you MUST need a study permit.
Visa application checklist for Bangladeshi students
The steps that are discussed here are together is a checklist. You should try to have all these necessary things to make a successful application. A complete application has a much higher rate of success within the standard timeline. You might get a checklist from the CVAC (Canadian Visa Application Center) in Bangladesh. Here is mine-
- Step 1: Have your passport ready. A passport with a 6-month validity is acceptable. But practically applying with a passport that is expiring in 6 months, is not recommended. My suggestion, if your passport expiring soon, renew it.
you will be granted a visa according to the length of your passport validity and program duration.
- Step 2: You must have your birth certificate. Not only your birth certificate but also your parent’s birth certificates as well. if they are going to be your sponsors. or co-sponsors.
A national ID is not mandatory to submit with visa application. you might need it for your passport application
- Step 3: A valid offer letter from a Canadian post-secondary institution either college or university. I recommend you to choose at least a 2 years program.
- Step 4: Scholarship or funding approval documents, If you have any. It might be a separate document from your offer letter. Sometimes it comes together with the offer letter.
- Step 5: Academic transcripts and certificates. Most of the time you will need a photocopy/scan copy of your original transcripts and certificates. But, you will need an original copy of every document on a physical interview. For many countries, applications are submitted through Canadian VAC (Visa Application Center) representatives as well as a physical interview. So, a face to face interview might not be taken place.
Any photocopy form an original document must be notarized.
- Step 6: Proof of English proficiency. IELTS, TOEFL, 12th-grade transcript, etc. Check with your University/college requirements and submit accordingly. Submit a notarized photocopy.
- Step 7: Proof of financial support. Proof of financial support is at the same time a very important and confusing stage for many applicants. I have broken down this stage into three different important sections. In general, all you need is to prove that you are capable of supporting your academic and other expenses during your stay in Canada. Please, see the full break down of financial support and supporting documents you may need. Also, see related document samples in resources.
- Step 8: Open a student banking account in your country. Use your student account to wire transfer or paying your tuition fee in Canada. Collect your receipts from the bank. It varies from bank to bank. It could be a NOC, transfer receipt, etc.
- Step 9: Tuition fee payment receipt. If you don’t pay any tuition fee prior to visa or study permit confirmation. Then you can skip this step.
It is always good to pay first semester tuition fee prior to your visa application. It supports your intention of study.
- Step 10: Intention of your study. Prepare yourself to answer a few explanation based questions. See a list of questions and answers you might face.
- Step 11: A cover letter. A cover letter is also termed a summary letter. A letter that says your intention, your expectations, and explanations of the odds. Here is a sample cover letter for you.
- Step 12: Custodian Declaration form. Only minor applicants need this document. See here if you need this form or not.
- Step 13: Fill up the application form on a computer. Validate the form as many times as you want. After validation, a new page of the five bar code section will be generated. Use a good printer to print the whole application. Staple the application by putting the bar code page on top.
- Step 14: Fill up the Family information form. List all of your first blood family members. For example brother, sister, step-brother, etc.
- Step 15: Have your photo-ready. At least 6 stamp size, 6 passport size, and 8 Canadian visa size. And use those wherever you need. You might not need to use all of these.
- Step 16: Pay your application fee and biometric fee. Not every applicant needs to pay a biometric fee. please, check your VAC website whether you need it or not.
- Step 17: Submit your application in your local VAC (Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet), if you are making a paper application.
After you have submitted your Application
- Step 1: Check processing time and wait. Track your application. Keep your patience for 40-60 days.
- Step 2: There is no application that is 100% correct. So, if your application got rejected, find out the reasons behind it. An explanation letter will be sent to you to support their decision behind the rejection.
- Step 3: Correct your mistakes. Most of the time ‘your intention of leaving Canada after completion of your study’ might be a reason. If so, just write a very good explanation letter with very good logic. Submit your application again.
- If financial credibility is the reason. Take some time (I suggest 45-60 days) and re-apply. Always explain. An explanation supports your document’s credibility, So explain why or how in a few sentences.
No one have time to read your unnecessarily long essay. Jump straight to the point as soon as possible.
- There could be other reasons too. Such as English proficiency insufficiency, Bad academic standings, Study gap, Travel history, etc. A visa officer has the authority to assess your academic standings even if you are accepted by a university/college.
Sometimes a visa rejection also depends on the officer who is assessing your documents.
- Step 4: If you receive an approval letter or a request for medical and passport. Just do them accordingly and submit them as soon as possible.